Jung’s Theory of Personality
Analytical psychologist Carl Jung is well known for his theory of personality. This theory suggests that personality is inherited and part of the collective unconscious—which includes both conscious and unconscious aspects.
According to Jung, personality appears in the form of archetypes, or universal patterns of thought and behavior that affect what we focus on and how we interact with the world. Jungian archetypes categorize people in terms of various personality patterns.
The psychological types identified by Jung are based on factors such as general attitude and psychological functions. The four basic psychological functions or dimensions that are the focus of Jung’s theory are:
- Extraversion vs. introversion
- Sensation vs. intuition
- Thinking vs. feeling
- Judging vs. perceiving
Jung’s theory later led to the development of the famous personality test, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.